Dating age laws in canada
Dating age laws in canada - dating in mo silex
Abstract: This study evaluated the implications of the 2008 increase in age for sexual consent in Canada using a population health survey of Canadian adolescents.Government rationales for the increase asserted younger adolescents were more likely to experience sexual exploitation and engage in risky sexual behaviour than adolescents 16 and older.
Comparisons included: forced sex, sex under the influence of alcohol or drugs, multiple partners, condom use, effective contraception use, self-reported sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy involvement. adolescents who reported early debut were also more likely to report having had alcohol or drugs prior to their last sexual intercourse (Coker et al., 1994; Sneed, 2009). found gender differences in sex after alcohol or drug use among Canadian adolescents: females age 12 to 14 years were more likely than adolescent females 17 and older to have had alcohol or drugs prior to their last sexual intercourse, but males demonstrated the opposite age effect. Manlove and colleagues (2005) found that males and females who first had sex younger than age 15 with an older partner were less likely than other sexually experienced adolescents to report having used contraceptives.Results showed very few 14- and 15-year-olds had first intercourse partners who were not within the 'close in age' exemptions based on age (boys: Early sexual debut has been associated with a number of sexual health risks, including higher number of sexual partners, alcohol and drug use, lack of condom use, pregnancy, and STIs, although these results have been mixed, and drawn from correlational studies. In Canada, however, the 2003 British Columbia Adolescent Health Survey (BC AHS) showed no difference across adolescent age groups for multiple partners in the past year (Saewyc, Homma, Taylor, & Ogilvie, 2008). Protective sexual health behaviours have also been explored in light of age of first sex, with mixed results. However, Sneed (2009) found that 18-year-olds were less likely to report using a condom at latest intercourse compared to 16-year-olds, regardless of age at sexual debut.For example, a cross-sectional survey of American adolescents found that adolescents who debuted younger than age 13 were at least nine times more likely to have had four or more lifetime sexual partners compared with adolescents debuting at 15 or older, with rates differing by gender and race (Coker, Richter, Valois, Mc Keown, Garrison, & Vincent, 1994); these findings were replicated more recently in the U. The 2003 BC AHS found that condom use among sexually active adolescent females was highest among females aged 12 to 14, and lowest among those 17 and older.This lower condom use in the older group was complemented by a correspondingly higher use of birth control pills (Saewyc et al., 2008).Possibly due to lower condom use, American adolescents who first had sex before 13 years of age were more likely to report pregnancy involvement, and females (but not males) were more likely to report contracting an STI (Coker et al., 1994).Similarly, almost half of adolescent females who had sex before age 15 with an older male reported a teen birth compared with one quarter of other sexually-experienced adolescent females (Manlove et al., 2005).
In a US longitudinal study that included STI testing, earlier age of sexual debut was consistently associated with STI prevalence among adolescent males and females, but by young adulthood, the age at first intercourse no longer had an effect on STI prevalence (Kaestle, Halpern, Miller, & Ford, 2005).
This suggests that maturation eventually attenuates any effects of early sexual experience.
Limitations of current evidence in the literature Not only does the literature contain mixed findings around the impact of early sexual debut, with the greatest differences found between U. and Canadian studies, but there are additional limitations to the design of the studies.
Most of the research does not control for a history of childhood sexual abuse, or sexual initiation that was a result of force or coercion, when evaluating the relationship between early sexual debut and negative outcomes; yet several studies have documented the link between childhood or adolescent sexual abuse and higher rates of risky sexual behaviours (see for example, Noll, Shank, & Putnam, 2008; Saewyc, Pettingell, & Magee, 2004; Saewyc et al., 2006).
Studies that have taken pre-sexual debut characteristics such as coercion or childhood maltreatment into account have found these attenuated the link between early debut and outcome variables (Spriggs & Halpern, 2008).
In contrast to the considerable amount of research on females, there is not much evidence of the effect of early sexual debut on young men.